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美研究報告顯示八年級技術工程素養顯增

發布時間:2019-05-24 作者:王葛平 來源:中國教育報

近日,美國教育科學研究院發布了《2018年八年級學生技術與工程素養評估的重點成果》國家報告。該報告研究了全美八年級學生的成績,成績以平均分和表現達到或超過三個美國教育進展評估成績水平(基礎水平、熟練水平、高級水平)學生成績百分比的形式來表示。除總分外,研究還按照種族或族裔群體、性別、學校類型和其他人口群體進行報告。

與上一個評估年度2014年相比,2018年八年級學生的技術工程素養總體平均得分更高,技術與社會、設計與系統、信息與通信技術等三個內容方面,以及理解技術原理、開發解決方案和實現目標、溝通和協作等技術實踐方面的平均得分也更高。而且,女生技術工程素養的總體得分高于男生。與2014年相比,在更多內容領域和實踐中,女學生的得分也高于同齡男生。除了分數的提高,表現超過美國教育進展評估中熟練水平的八年級學生比例也增長了3個百分點。

該研究還根據學生對調查問卷的回答進行分析,調查問卷涉及學生在學校內外的技術和工程學習經歷。美國技術工程素養評估對美國進一步加強和改進科學、技術、工程和數學學科(STEM)政策與實踐的重要參考。

(王葛平)

《中國教育報》2019年05月24日第5版 

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