首頁>檢索頁>當前

美國大學生的學費誰來付

發布時間:2019-05-24 作者:李頌 來源:中國教育報

據2018年美國媒體報道,3/10的美國父母沒有為孩子的大學費用投入任何資金。只有1/7的父母會提前為子女上大學儲蓄,比兩年前的72%有所下降。根據美國一家投資公司剛公布的數據,僅有29%的父母表示,他們計劃全額支付孩子上大學的費用。而兩年前的這一數字是43%。平均而言,美國父母現在只希望支付孩子的大學總費用的62%,低于兩年前的70%。

跟美國同事聊天,問起他們上大學的學費是誰付的。30歲的湯姆說他和太太都是自己申請的學生貸款,加起來一共貸款10萬美元,還款利率2%—3%,8年還沒還完。

上學期間,他一直在一家美國連鎖大型超市打零工,但兼職不能超過20小時。校園工的機會特別稀缺。現在湯姆的太太在教書,因為不是全職,年薪只有3萬多美元。

當被問及當時父母是否有資助,他說,他父親的年薪一直在5萬美元左右。這個數字沒窮到能讓他減免學費,又沒富到能給他支付學費。

對于“中產”的概念,美國定義為中位數工資的65%到200%之間都是中產階層。美國中位數工資在2016年是5.7萬美元。中產底層是最苦的,各種福利輪不上,日子過得捉襟見肘。

那么,美國人會不會因為貧窮而不能給孩子付學費?

“大學學費是要她自己負擔的。”我在美國第一份工作的同事談及自己女兒大學學費時,不假思索地說,“我當然不會拿我的稅后收入來付她的學費。她要么自己貸款,要么自己考獎學金。上學是她自己的事。”

美國大學學費昂貴。其中,兩年制學校學費最便宜,對本州學生是一年3500美元。四年制公立大學對本州學生一年9500美元,對外州學生25000美元。四年制私立高校一年33000美元。以上不包括生活費,一般20000美元一年,看所在州的房租和個人的消費習慣。

與我探討美國學費的三個美國人,都說自己父母沒有資助過自己的大學學費。湯姆說:“如果從頭來過,我會先上兩年社區學院,再轉學到州立大學。因為社區學院不僅學分便宜,還能住在家里,省一大筆生活費。”他和太太每個月都小心翼翼還學生貸款,不敢錯過一次,不然利息就會漲,惡性循環就開始了。

韶妮是4個孩子的母親,她每個月再節衣縮食也只能給孩子們的學費存一點點錢。“實際上,我丈夫和我都沒有辦法讓4個孩子都上大學。他是一名公立學校的老師,我是一名自由職業者,收入有限。”她說。而且他們認為,為孩子的大學全額付錢對他們來說并不是最好的辦法。

“我們自己在大學期間會打工,拿獎學金。父母出錢的同學成績都很糟糕,那是因為他們拿父母當自動提款機,錢來得容易就不知道珍惜。打工讓我早早懂得了生活的艱難。”韶妮說,讓孩子明白靠自己打拼改善生活是人生的第一課。

美國大學的資助分兩種,一種是基于成績優秀頒發的獎學金,一種是低收入家庭的助學金,由美國聯邦、州或機構提供。聯邦政府的助學金在2019年最多不超過6000美元。州政府和學校提供另外的補助,再加上學習或運動優秀會得到獎學金、勤工儉學,以及學生貸款,學生不靠父母也能把大學念下來,倒是從未聽說過自己想上學,但因為貧困而上不起的情況。

有一天,我遇到了另一位同事羅杰,在回答是否替兩個女兒負擔學費時,卻給了我肯定的答案。

“二女兒本科4年一直拿獎學金,自己還打工。當初她被兩家大學錄取,密歇根那家大學排名還要靠前一些,但沒有獎學金,她自己就去了給全額獎學金的普渡大學,但接下來4年醫學院每年學費生活費加一起要七八萬美元。我可不愿讓她像別的孩子那樣貸款,到三四十歲都還不完……”羅杰說,“4年醫學院學習,外加一年實習,兩年住院醫生,工資很低。我會一直支持她。所以我要繼續努力工作。”他彎起胳膊鼓起肱二頭肌。

羅杰夫婦都是名校畢業,所以目前收入不錯,但為了不讓兩個女兒貸款讀大學,他們的生活一直很節儉。

《中國教育報》2019年05月24日第6版 

0 0 0 0
分享到:0

相關閱讀

最新發布
熱門標簽
點擊排行
熱點推薦

工信部備案號:京ICP備05071141號

互聯網新聞信息服務許可證 10120170024

中國教育新聞網版權所有,未經書面授權禁止下載使用

Copyright@2000-2019 www.zn2scc.com All Rights Reserved.

京公網安備 11010802025840號

卓易彩票 www.0qxc.com | HGW3300.com | 11018x.com | www.96386e.com | www.978261.com | www.z77929.com | www.9822ac.com | www.6003q.com | www.3412277.com | 690008.com | 87965hh.com | 97799mcom | 1775xx.com | www.108805.com | www.811257.com | www.76636.com | www.122662.com | www.00773v.com | www.577177b.com | www.sb279.com | www.qianyi862.com | 00ww8332.com | 38648.com | 9737008.com | 563460.com | 01234pp.com | ssl.ujiule.com | www.589879.com | www.097wy.com | www.bet353657.com | www.839262.com | www.606668.com | www.scw452.com | www.xpj237.com | www.6199b.com | www.ou95990.com | 3222p.cc | www.xx0088.com | 3242.am | 4395599.com | pjyunnan.com | 9958955.com | 4018y.com | y3330.com | 19990c.com | 3405v.com | 1770o.com | ddcp99.com | 61610029.com | 00778m.com | 78114444.com | 7380.com | 9645hh.com | 9339999l.com | 66185.com | 081782.com | 22296jc.com | 7720g.net | 4007893.com | 048p.com | 9339999.com | ww222hg.com | 4465v.com | 5219o.com | c40033.com | 2824.cc | v99345.am | 6665009.com | 2127tt.com | xue9999.com | 68228d.com | 预览6830y.com | b667766.com | r47479.com | 1489i.com | www.hg55768.com | www.jinsha300.com | www.vns00022.com | www.710868.com | www.66238.com | www.rgcp.cc | www.bwinyz50.com | www.5719f.com | www.3434bbb.com | www.86333d.com | www.2221105.com | www.61233p.com | www.1035o.com | www.694977.com | www.340477.com | www.77114o.com | 61323388.com | 8577e.cc | jxf963.com | 35222b.com | x33b.vip | 118888p.com | www.wnsr838.com | www.js520345.com | www.37a060.com | www.rgcp.com | www.hg33397.com | www.9996ii.com | www.60108n.com | www.978913.com | www.210793.com | 3399vn77.com | 407pp.com | 2096y.com | 588vvv.cc | www.hg6364.com | www.q24135.com | www.132c73.com | www.32031z.com | www.3zq03.com | www.977hf.com | www.514918.com | 2096p.com | 88559hd.com | 4018h.com | 668866.com | www.xpj4494.com | www.2945.com | www.9187d.com | www.00840v.com | www.921677.com | 00048a.com | js848.net | ylzz522.com | www.7168803.com | www.944449.com | www.7366004.com | www.16065d.com | www.c9332.com | 2455k.com | 2015288.com | 1588666.com | www.sun008.cc | www.9374i.com | www.35252f.com | www.73736b.com | www.452817.com | 80567n.com | 111ctx.com | www.un5533.com | www.10852b.com | www.99552aa.com | www.07929.cc | 73999x.com | 3678f.com | h2649.com | www.99946.com | www.10999q.com | www.83993k.com | www.530861.com | 644237.com | 6261.com | www.77537l.com | www.809014.com | www.txedz.com | www.550274.com | 7744vn77.com | 6118e.com | www.hg009999.com | www.556537.com | www.8970.com | 66458v.com | 32666l.com | www.vtm005.com | www.999msc.net | www.37266a.com | www.390126.com | 36407788.com | 55vn77.com | www.00708.com | www.ihg5544.com | www.615121.com | 67877l.com | 35252a.com | www.suncity553.com | www.xpj11008.com | www.653152.com | js07.app | 7334o.com | www.hrtsh.com | www.8998885.com | www.717772.com | 8036tt.com | 8303.com | www.tai444.com | www.bet365yazhou.com | 1588hg.com | blm599.com | www.65476600.com | www.b12189.com | www.855271.com | 19880.com | 97799s.com | www.0077jj.com | www.80065s.com | 5360ee.com | 8547v.com | www.9949n.com | www.792084.com | www.503501.com | 0805e.com | www.80a88.com | www.9737aa.me | www.cb6588.com | 81366d.com | 22883v.com | www.yzcp2023.com | www.hczx2.com | 75335.com | www.4123ll.com | www.26123bb.com | www.hcjt7.com | 6403l.com | www.hg9998.com | www.8473a.com | www.769211.com | 0652y.com | www.yh76ii.com | www.495.cc | www.033253.com | 88669193.com | www.776777.com | www.50026x.com | 1669b.com | 3016kkk.com | www.t32939.com | www.809571.com | 5651o.com | www.ylzz770.com | www.6768996.com | 33382tt.com | mf709.com | www.27363t.com | www.k1577.com | www.115527p.com | www.362477.com | 4196b.com | www.21884.com | www.25688f.com | 11939.com | www.517ly13.com | www.4521y.com | www.202314.com | 032526.com | www.304015.me | www.896165.com | 3522bb.cc | www.274166.com | www.08588z.com | bb01234.com | www.560404.com | www.500166.com | kk7703.com | www.30765.com | www.25229.com | o2306.com | www.hgc444.com | www.22ok22.com | 4997x.com | 1665cc.com | www.6057777.com | 111122ii.com | www.26y26.com | www.436bbb.com | 5622q.com | www.ylg2222.com | www.55676l.com | vv2649.com | 3788y.com | w2894.com | www.r678.com | aoxueqi.com | www.85770j.com | www.89777l.com | 1679bb.com | www.99206u.com | www.5441j.com | qq365p.com | www.hg8236.com | www.877802.com | x33f.vip | www.38775ff.com | 8940.com | www.8655msc.com | www.29277y.com | 54147711.com | www.5504h.com | www.186791.com | hg86855.com | www.6678687.com | 118888v.com | www.655suncity.com | www.938625.com | 67877.com | www.245252.com | 61366s.com | www.9b100.com | www.sxyl8.com | a6622.com | www.9997038.com | 55977.com | www.36410.com | www.985jc.com | 56787ff.com | sha161.com | www.03a88.com | 97799n.com | www.ylg29.com | www.802837.com | 6220y.com | www.1117758.com | yh888k.com | www.899699.com | 655660011.com | www.k4737.com | www.tx27.com | 2190t.com | www.6939i.com | 060fff.com | www.28000j.com | ddcp99.com | www.11557712.com | www.339189.com | www.2882389.com | www.66095.cc | 8765blr.com | www.ykylc08.com | 281555.com | www.98698c.com | 35dd.vip | www.msc555.com | baidu886.com | www.hgbet22.com | www.708270.com | 365vip600.net | www.5095m.com | 66136xpj.com | www.ra017.com | 5856l.com | www.5446p.com | 4048vip9.com | www.4688111.com | www.50wb.top | yz5488.com | www.111158.com | 32555p.com | www.63606f.com | 37775145.com | www.79095e.com | 8685151.com | www.4996hk.com | b62.com | www.sscb99.cc | 998s.cc | www.55c63.com | 2096q.com | www.27363h.com | 3mgmvvv.com | www.799666c.com | hg7078.biz | www.u75778.com | bb56988.com | www.7793a.com | 5005w.com | www.79500w.com | 2247g.com | www.6889757.com | 66vns8.com | www.8313c.com | 8742bb.com | www.f7764.com | 111000hh.com | www.5446w.com | 3662x.com | www.6678566.com | 3650329.com | www.550021o.com | 36989c.com | www.34788d.com | 33115oo.com | www.ascp5.com | www.526093.com | www.655666h.com | www.109027.com | www.90585.com | 8742ii.com | www.120689.com | 5005a.com | www.60886f.com | 3559nn.com | www.506600.com | blh2018.com | www.caim5.com | www.56520y.com | www.025727.com | www.336246.com | 3730-79.com | www.hg8jj.com | 9068c.com | www.1108788.com | 996622qq.com | www.701547.com | www.900591.com | 97799m.com | www.ly29.com | 2jsddd.com | www.6482.com | 4116j.com | www.564676.com | www.11777999.com | 30174400.com | www.68365k.com | r2306.com | www.909309.com | www.hg8968.com | b2649.com | www.88vn777.com | 8159rrr.cc | www.5095e.com | www.hg7288.com | 846015.com | www.zz8633.com | www.sxyl9.com | www.32126b.net | 20182013.com | www.ba509.com | 05071111.com | www.700724.com | www.hg2455.com | 6175a.com | www.1429e1.com | wns3.net | www.766352.com | haobocaiwang.net | www.960106.com | www.jing6444.com | hg12020.com | www.cp1518.com | www.hg6513.com | 26668z.com | www.35252i.com | 22002007.com | www.406577.com | www.ty23023.com | 8988.com | www.dqz6.com | www.p5550.com | 5099uu.com | www.54400j.com | www.9889msc.com | P7570.com | www.293.com | www.pjfujian.com | c558.cc | www.4569.am | www.917xpj3.com | 73999w.com | www.714115.com | www.9130.com | ww2649.com | www.3775v.com | www.ou95990.com | 4195cc.com | www.1851222.com | 5219r.com | www.04567k.com | 26668u.com | www.303481.com | www.65066ff.com | 22556n.com | www.99677e.com | www.0096ff.com | hjdc567.com | gg5443.com | www.1764r.com | www.653507.com | 180111.net | www.77210j.com | www.33js11.com | 3066bbb.com | www.hm5522.com | www.006357.com | y08199.com | www.401272.com | www.3066vv.com | 5369l.com | spj85.net | www.2655268.com | www.yh22338.com | 53206666.com | www.810355.com | www.86999.com | 3136rr.com | 73999b.com | www.68203g.com | www.xpj130.com | 0723.com | www.550414.com | www.3983177.com | www.hg9998.com | 2267b.com | www.055r.cc | www.938x.cc | feicai0563.com | hg56977.com | www.871828.com | www.048888.com | bet28b.com | 55984g.com | www.8977500.com | youfa560.com | www.gczj9.com | www.4963tt.com | 320007.com | g86811.com | www.gczj6.com | www.hga55500.com | www.422442.com | c91234567.com | www.927836.com | www.55070b.com | www.70669d.com | 2844f.com | www.666507.com | www.4521w.com | www.4972tt.com | 4340v.com | www.87668e.com | www.hg082.com | www.90646.com | 702215.com | 00pp8332.com | www.99jte.com | www.5446cc.com | www.pjbeijing.com | 5478222.com | www.324677.com | www.065915.com | www.sancaishop.com | 518cp1.com | x3456.com | www.caim2.com | www.sha2222.com | www.h7788x.com | cc01234.com | 22556h.com | www.89798.com | www.7415aa.com | www.yinhecc77.com | xy55355.com | 18787h.com | www.60108t.com | www.38345e.com | www.365109b.com | 3890s.com | 55818d.com | www.500cd.com | www.pj1308.com | 30019w.com | www.897743.com | www.9187i.com | www.444540.com | 9411uuu.com | 5360ll.com | 888Crown.com | www.2dzh.com | www.38775nn.com | www.990909.com | 6423w.com | b82365.com | 6830f.com | www.c9259.com | www.56011u.com | www.39555.com | 78111133.com | dhy.net | 6396o.com | www.621351.com | www.6939l.com | www.1168g.com | www.3643c.com | 6137i.com | qjdc555.com | 55984v.com | www.c2809.com | www.81608m.com | www.932442.com | www.4938s.com | 0747mm.com | 6002g.com | 11dd8331.com | www.506791.com | www.60108j.com | www.9895x.com | www.1429h9.com | www.yinhe9507a.com | pj911a.cc | 0419y.com | 7874.tt | www.385626.com | www.15355p.com | www.86339z.com | www.50000955.co | www.v15502.com | 48330M.com | 1h-5.cc | 23015.com | 6830d.com | www.558402.com | www.22gg940.com | o47479.com | 4036ee.com | 9479a0.com | 44tt8331.com | www.582477.com | www.8816e.com | www.js27666.com | www.55060o.com | www.105353.com | www.hg2267.com | 5005b.com | 6261mm.com | vns8351.com | 8040.am | xycp88.com | www.504377.com | www.99jtc.com | www.ky1003.com | www.200068.com | www.6776gg.com | www.6123fff.com | www.09527a.com | www.aobo8866.com | 3202p.com | 7042004.com | 9694d.com | 1005022.com | xpjdc.tw | 563452.com | www.370583.com | www.931518.com | www.26163x.com | www.js02348.com | www.266751.com | www.hjdc2005.com | www.3g88.com | www.1111ee.com | www.157479.com | www.335955.com | www.a333.cc | 256777m.com | 9995s.cc | tz458.com | 4018s.com | 97799mcom | 5651b.com | 2883kf.com | zxd914.com | 9007004.com | 3678u.com | P35ss.com | www.191079.com | www.485648.com | www.671966.com | www.987931.com | www.88399.com | www.mmtx22.com | www.xpj9878.com | www.857558.com | www.yf88.cc | 20204.com | 99306b.com | 8686699.com | da611.com | 35252m.com | l2554.com | 88807m.com | b667766.com | 738055.com | 9949o.com | 123456cc.cc | 2355o.com | 9149a.com | 3258q.com | 97799w.com | 7334e.com | 11422r.com | www.vns0800.com | www.bg999111.com | www.wnsr038.com | www.9444hg.com | www.56520s.com | www.692tyc.com | www.8015866.com | www.17828z.com | www.9870x4.com | www.4519.com | www.327365.com | www.f9478.com | www.70099.com | www.673888w.com | www.766169.com | www.32031v.com | www.ii4625.com | www.ejylc13.com | www.kj555888.com | www.33588k.com | www.2408a.com | www.hx6606.com | www.652392.com | www.293788.com | bj1111.com | xpj6666.vip | 3616c.com | 3304q.com | 35222x.com | 80850u.com | 44qq8331.com | www.39728.com | www.9068vv.com | www.j7191.com | www.js9652.com | www.38345m.com | www.http://443598.com/ | www.flb905.com | www.900651.com | www.6992ww.com | www.dg533.com | www.twcp05.com | www.530016.com | www.3a331.com | www.68682m.com | www.yi328.com | www.556742.com | 00048j.com | 7334y.com | 6q604.com | 7720t.com | h00351.com | www.4625p.com | www.2005647.com | www.476397.com | www.99552dd.com | www.bet73r.com | www.zch8.com | www.187397.com | wx3355.com | 98345g.com | 11ii8332.com | www.laok111.com | www.q13608.com | www.hemi168.com | www.704909.com | www.4988d.cc | www.ya515.com | www.196880.com | zhcp47.com | 00117076.com | 37570i.com | www.x6099.com | www.yh706.com | www.o80288.com | www.xb8844.com | www.am6633.com | 3522yy.com | 9103aa.com | 4486699.com | www.glc66.com | www.184589.com | www.5099uu.com | www.pgylc.net | www.969317.com | amyh130.com | 98955w.com | JS1388f.com | www.621155d.com | www.z5777.com | www.30350f.com | www.35918n.com | www.312477.com | qpby2233.com | u2490.com | www.kj638.com | www.bz7888.com | www.3032bb.com | www.27989.cc | www.youxin9.cc | 45460002.com | vip99550.com | www.z22365.com | www.27363y.com | www.00829a.com | www.948884.com | www.77181.com | www.2350c.com | 1147.com | vns8049.com | 5456t.com | www.246778.com | www.55pjjt.com | www.5xci.com | 6647x.com | 3967c.com | www.88052.com | www.wd6668.com | www.97828c.vip | www.911096.com | 6220x.com | 8547m.com | www.4107k.com | www.5099ff.com | www.61233s.com | www.90305a.com | 8381nn.com | ziz3.com | www.393222.com | www.ihg5522.com | www.504533.com | 3614n.com | bbb8827.com | www.588112.com | www.4833046.com | www.606647.com | 6594jj.com | 0033c.cc | www.443558.com | www.6678685.com | www.343918.com | 2381o.com | www.1869e.com | www.05.bet | www.81678s.com | 60959999.com | 41188833.com | www.77537s.com | www.377666r.com | www.hm5522.com | sjxche.com | 1077fff.com | www.7770011.com | www.36583333.com | www.50064i.com | 4255uuu.com | www.hg083.com | www.3983184.com | www.975961.com | 5429r.com | 1665h.com | www.rgcp111.com | www.7793j.com | 86611c.com | 3225t.com | www.09848.com | www.71399l.com | 50000997.com | VIPVIP.cc | www.49484.com | www.b773776.com | 28839n.com | xpj338.com | www.773456.com | www.99677k.com | 06006y.com | 518cp1.com | www.8722msc.com | www.54968g.com | www.6678699.com | www.550314.com | ctxcpyh.com | www.xpj99688.com | www.780780f.com | www.171109.com | 55323y.com | www.122hg.com | www.506600.com | v3144.com | 3379h.com | www.ggu.99233u.com | www.44czt.com | hj4566com | www.yh7099.com | www.js7000.com | www.193195.com | bet28l.com | www.kj853.com | www.16878j.com | 0612h.com | www.zr9933.com | www.q2894.com | www.072211.com | dwj15.com | www.hc9055.com | www.013ac.com | 4647055.com | www.00829i.com | www.1117.com | 365499.bet | 35441444.com | www.18k0048.com | www.444601.com | 365spa.com | www.118vv.com | www.qilc0.com | 0905.com | www.cz3065.com | www.33997j.com | 156050.com | www.p8867.com | www.ampj3432.com | 3616h.com | www.ao799.com | www.ag99365.com | 99ff940.com | ylzz366.com | www.369406.com | p888p888.com | 2381d.com | www.369407.com | 5558449.com | j2649.com | www.q32031.com | 11018n.com | 3344vn77.com | www.60886f.com | 0729b.com | tt4675.com | www.38775ww.com | 2767t.com | www.a2a888.cc | www.48330d.com | 99909w.com | www.4625u.com | www.998855aa.com | 55967a.com | www.84162222.com | www.5086r.com | 7n3777.com | www.hg8236.com | www.809571.com | 3522kk.com | www.1064f.com | www.99677u.com | 3416f.com | www.32326.com | 6403c.com | www.777444m.com | www.33598m.com | 3131e.cc | www.mk856.com | www.390706.com | 56988w.vip | www.wns33.me | vv1331.com | 97799k.com | www.7025y.com | www.81699.cc | hg1818.net | www.c44ii.com | www.223065.com | 584575.com | www.nx58qp.com | 889vip.net | www.118668.com | www.791651.com | yhjiangsu.vip | www.63606q.com | 3178zz.com | 6766.net | www.9949q.com | www.c4532.com | 01885l.com | www.88325i.com | 11nn8331.com | www.58777q.com | www.yi636.com | 33vv8332.com | www.79095b.com | 88850ff.com | www.cs55222.com | www.819759.com | 8030q.com | www.4809b.com | 9679t.com | www.890555.com | www.170955.com | www.789.lfjdg.top | www.60108c.com | 4025d.com | www.185142.com | 97799z.com | www.9679e.com | www.550434.com | 1343.com | www.77803s.com | 3513002.com | www.7893w37.com | 28824.com | www.199088.com | www.303480.com | www.yh5555.cc | www.2109w.com | z2490.com | www.cq58qp.com | ms407.com | www.848777m.com | blm385.com | www.88399.com | www.035168.com | www.yinhecc55.com | www.zfcp1.com | 55899i.com | www.179158.com | 3846ff.com | www.29098.com | 566777p.com | www.1705.com | 2851d.com | www.001472.com | www.003561.com | www.008msc.com | www.629021.com | www.cr4888.com | www.022hk.cc | ss56988.com | www.81678s.com | df8kk.com | www.68993259.com | jjj40033.com | www.3w28.com | 00664002.com | www.8645007.com | peiyinla.com | www.7415b.com | 37a700.com | www.22cp163.com | 7552.com | www.799666j.com | 7003v.com | www.g7817.vip | bosw8.com | www.569393a.com | 22225003.com | www.087hg.com | 5003s.com | www.5006c.com | a32689.net | www.10852.com | 88559193.com | www.65579b.com | 76886c.com | www.9m148.com | 9420z.com | www.bo123cpz.com | lhc907.com | www.28000s.com | 6647o.com | www.3983151.com | 6446hh.com | www.946386.com | www.ascp5.com | www.yl12007.com | www.766464.com | www.700y.com | www.375931.com | www.6347799.com | www.43818a.com | www.js40123.com | 111122oo.com | www.4567749.com | 7335t.com | www.43468.com | 44p88.cc | www.833976.com | 1294o.com | www.91233x.com |