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美國大學生畢業率偏低 部分高校開始出臺提升措施

發布時間:2019-05-24 作者:郝丹丹 來源:中國教育報

據美國媒體報道,相關統計顯示,美國大學本科畢業率為60%。大學畢業率過低的代價是巨大的。如果大學畢業率能與美國高中率持平,美國每年就可以增加107000多名畢業生就業,減少近50000名貧困人員,并在他們的一生中增加900多億美元的稅收收入。而且,無法完成大學學業的學生拖欠學生貸款的可能性是正常畢業生的3倍,因為他們無法取得大學學位,所以在就業和工作收入方面面臨困難,還貸能力堪憂。

在美國,哈佛大學和耶魯大學等名校擁有頂尖的學生和龐大的資源,美國幾乎100%的學生可以畢業,但是還有1000多所本科院校的畢業率不到50%,有些甚至只有25%。盡管這些學校獲得了數十億美元的聯邦撥款和貸款,但它們未能讓學生取得學業成功。

目前,美國還沒有采取具體措施來解決大學畢業率危機,但部分大學已經認識到大學畢業率的重要性。例如,喬治亞州立大學通過設立緊急撥款大幅提高了教學質量,保證學生們不會因為意料之外的支出而中斷學業;中佛羅里達大學采用預測分析來判斷學生無法完成學業的原因,并據此采取措施、解決問題;紐約城市大學則實施了一項計劃,以確保低收入家庭的學生獲得完成學位所需的支持。這些學校正在改善那些能從大學學位中受益最多的學生的生活,通過上述舉措提高了畢業率,同時繼續致力于為低收入家庭和少數族裔學生服務。(郝丹丹)

《中國教育報》2019年05月24日第6版 

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